Report “Immigrant origin population in Spain, 2021”

We publish the annual report ‘Immigrant origin population in Spain, 2021’. A demographic analysis, in the light of official data, of foreign and foreign-born population in Spain and its evolution during the last decade. This time the analysis delves into the consequences that Brexit has had on the population groups of British nationality in Spain, as well as the impact of the closure of international borders during 2020. 

At the beginning of 2021, the foreign-born population accounted for 15.22% of the total population in Spain (7,214,878 people out of the total population of 47,398,695), according to data from the National Statistics Institute. In terms of population with fixed residence, the percentage of foreign residents was 11.33%. 

The variation of total resident population figures had a positive sign: 66,081 more people. A figure lower than the year-on-year variation of almost 400,000 people between 2019 and 2020, but which points to the consolidation of the recovery of migratory figures initiated in 2015, although indicating a moment of clear deceleration. 

In 2020 in which the Spanish population balance was very negative, due to the higher number of deaths compared to births, also as a consequence of the impact of covid-19, the migratory balance amounted to 219,357, much higher than that of the total resident population. 

The Permanent Observatory of Immigration, an entity belonging to the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration, estimates that there are 5,800,468 foreigners holding residence permits. A higher figure than those reported by the INE, perhaps explained by the number of people who in practice do not reside in Spain. 

The Brexit has had a clear effect on the foreign population of EU origin: a decrease of more than 300,000 people with citizenship from other EU member states. 

In addition to observing a slowdown in migratory movements in Spain, there has been a significant increase in the resident population born in Colombia (the largest group with an increase of more than 40,000 people). This is followed by those born in Venezuela (more than 30,000), Morocco (more than 22,000) and Honduras (more than 15,000). Peru, Argentina, Nicaragua and Brazil also showed a positive sign.